October 4, 2019

How to Paint Fur Texture

Painting animal fur texture

Painting animals is an exploration in texture. Whether it’s fur, horns, scales, or hooves, there are a number of ways to convey that texture to the viewer.  We will focus on fur texture.


Denise Cassano’s underpainting of a sleeping bear and her cub.

Step 1: What most people don’t realize when painting fur is that you have to start underneath- at the base layer.

This means that you don’t paint the strands of fur first- they are actually last.  You need to paint the shape of the body, and typically, a darker color underneath. Think of the whole animal’s body and how the light hits it. Don’t even think of details or strands of fur yet.  Then you add subsequent layers of color, lightening each one. Brush the paint strokes in the same way the fur lies, but don’t worry about it looking like fur yet. It’s almost like the painting is out of focus.


Denise Cassano’s painting of the base layer of fur.

Step 2: Paint chunks of fur in slightly different shades

Once the body is formed with light, look at your darker areas and fill it in. Start with a large brush and work your way to a smaller one. Think of the fur in big chunks. Still no small strands yet, just big tufts of fur. Look carefully at your photo resource and see what direction the fur is going in. Sometimes we take for granted where is it going. Zoom in if you have to. Also lighten up (or darken) the color. Often it is dark underneath and lighter at the top, but not always. Try an differentiate the top layer from the base layer. It’s helpful to think in “layers”.


Denise Cassano’s painting of the second fur layer. There are more highlights, but still no strands of fur.

Step 3: Now start painting strands of fur

This may be tedious or therapeutic, it depends on how you look at it. You can do this with thin paintbrushes- size 1 or smaller if you are painting traditionally. Or you can make your life easier by using a fan brush or a texture brush. Lately many stores have come out with brushes that make painting textures easier.


Denise Cassano’s painting of fur with individual strands. The area below is still the base layer.

If you want to save some money, simply use an old, worn out brush or if you’ve been painting a while you probably have an old flat #3 or 4 brush laying around. Often these old brushes that are beat up make great irregular makes to enhance your painting. The brushes below are good examples.


Old brushes make great tools for texture

In summary, painting fur requires many layers- starting with the basic form of the animal then moving on to the actual strands of fur.  How do you paint make fur? Let me know in the comments below.


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  1. Joyce Johnson

    Hi Denise, I really enjoyed your article on painting animal fur. I’ve painted animal portraits before; however, I’m currently working on a painting of a West Highland Terrier. As you know, this is a white dog and I’m having a challenge portraying the fur. Besides white, there are other colors in there and it’s been difficult trying to figure out exactly what they are given the fluffy wavy fur.
    Your information has been very helpful and I plan to apply it to this painting. Thanks again!!

  2. Tony

    I use a small clump of loose strands off an old broom. I like em loose so they shift around and I stencil with spray paint till the plastic strands are saturated then I switch between using them as a brush and back again. It’s best with an older more frayed bristle and easy does it, gotta go slow dark to light, gloves, breather. I go slow light puffs and let em get enough air to get sticky or you’ll drown it pretty quick. for the first layer I just rip some paper. Patches. One.

  3. Dylan

    This is so organized and effective, thank you! Great work, as well :).

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